Acid Rain

As there is so much pollution in the city, the gasses mix with the moisture in the atmosphere and end up as acid rain which is quite harmful.

Dry Land

Due to excessive deforestation, the lands have become dry, and the water content is getting reduced.

What Threatens africa

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Best Budget Kayak

While some may prefer the range of sit-on kayaks that are now available, many traditionally minded kayakers still want their sit-in models. And if you are looking for the best budget kayak when it comes to affordable sit-in kayaks, the Emotion Glide 9’8″ kayak certainly fits the bill.

But why do I believe this is the best affordable kayak? Keep reading for my review.

Let’s talk about the dimensions of this budget kayak.

The first thing that you will notice about the Glide is that it’s a lot smaller than many of its competitors. Lengthwise, it measures at 9 feet 8 inches and its 29.5 inches across at its widest point. It carries around 275 pounds maximum, enough for a fairly large adult and some extras out on the open water.

Certainly, the major plus point here is that the Glide is easy enough for one person to haul around, say from your vehicle to the water. In fact, it only weighs 37 pounds. And when you need to store it, it takes up far less space in your garage than other featured competitors kayaks.

Standard features of this kayak?

Comfort in a sit-in kayak is a must and that’s easily achieved in the Glide. That’s thanks to the fact that it has an adjustable seat and feet braces. The seat is very comfortable, with high back support, essential for a long day out on the water. And pads protect your thighs from knocking against the upper part of the cockpit.  The hull itself is made from roto-molded polyethylene and includes a convenient paddle storage section for those times you might want to drop a fishing line, or just chill on the water. Numerous handles also help you carry the kayak from the vehicle to the water easily enough.

What’s it like out on the water?

The first thing you will notice about the Emotion Glide kayak is its brilliant stability. And that makes it perfect for beginners. Let’s be honest, as someone just starting out, you need to build confidence and don’t want to end up in the water. Stability in this kayak is excellent so no worry there.

And it performs well enough, too. In fact, thanks to its ST V-shaped performance hull and some extra foam blocks which add to buoyancy, the Glide can be used in less than flat water conditions with relative confidence. This hull also helps make the Glide maneuverable. It doesn’t track that badly either. It glides pretty straight through the water. This kayak is a true all-rounder and certainly offers excellent value for money.

So why buy it?

The major plus point of the Emotion Glide is its brilliant stability, especially for a smaller kayak. If you looking for a smaller model to add to your collection, or just put in your pick-up and hit the water on a Saturday morning, it’s the perfect option.

That stability also bodes well for beginners or even children. The one area where other lightweight, affordable kayaks outperform the Emotion Glide is the fact that they carry more than 275 pounds, but in all honesty, that’s not such a major disadvantage.

If you are looking for more affordable options that compare each of the top models, check out this list of best budget kayaks.

Cool Gadgets To Have While Traveling

Traveling is one activity that has a lot involved in it. It relaxes our minds and helps us to press the pause button in our routine lives and take a take break from it. It is more like a process that rejuvenates the mind and body of an individual.

A trip might be perfectly planned and executed. But there are a few minor flaws that can happen during the travel. Even though it is not a big deal, it affects us to a certain level. Having some simple gadgets will eliminate a lot of small issues during travel. In this article, we will some cool gadgets that you need to have during travel.

Portable Wi-Fi Hotspot and Power Bank

There are good possibilities that some might think people are actually taking a break because of the problems created by these two. It is a bitter fact that you need to accept that we are living in a point where you cannot survive without the internet. It is because most of the activities of our everyday lives have become dependent on the internet.  People cannot live without scrolling their social media handles at least twice or thrice a day, and everyone knows what the purpose of the power bank is.

Water purifier bottle

If you are traveling to a proper city or a town, this will not be necessary. But if you are going on an adventurous trip like trekking or a long drive, it will definitely come in handy. Consuming unhealthy water will lead to a lot of health problems. If we are in our houses, it is easy to manage. But if we are traveling it is very difficult to manage.  This water purifier bottle functions exactly like a water purifier and gives pure water eliminating all the threats by drinking impure water.Personally, I remember missing one of these bottles when I was busy messing with things to do in Bakersfield.

Solar power light

The solar power light will also come in handy if you are trekking or taking long drives. All you need to do is charge the light during the day and use them if necessary during the nights. There are a lot of highly efficient lights that can glow for six to seven hours after charging them fully. These are LED lights that are waterproof and weigh only fifty grams. They are very cheap and are very durable.

Water Proof Mats

As the name states, these mats are waterproof and hence will not absorb water. If you are travel involves being on a beach or on the riverside, this is one of the things that you must pack. It is not necessary for us to tell you the problems involved in carrying wet clothes. By using these waterproof mats, we are actually eliminating all the possible issue of using the normal mats. There is no necessity to dry the mats, and you can save a lot of time by using it.

Sanitation Issues in Africa

Poor sanitation – Africa’s greatest enemy

People from the first and second world countries don’t know the problems that poor sanitation can cause, and thus many would find the statement from the title wrong. We have advanced so much that we have forgotten how an inadequate sewerage system can affect people and the environment.
It’s a sad thing that more than fifty percent of Africans have to live without proper sewage systems that cause deaths and other illnesses. But not all people ignore the needs of Africa as some of us promote aid and programs that will improve the sanitation state on that continent to save people from a large number of illnesses whose cause is poor sanitation and water contamination.

Improvement of sanitation is a major step for Africa

Large-scale approach to this issue is impossible and thus small steps are required. African people have to realize that the sanitation is the fundamental right of every human and that poor sanitation leads to poor health. These two things should be the focus of every program that wants to help. Many Africans don’t see the connection between various illnesses and poor sanitation conditions and it’s our responsibility to teach them about that.

The next step is building of the toilets. A proper toilet isn’t expensive, and a charity funding can make thousands of these. But this type of investment would be a waste of resources without teaching the people to use them. Those people know how to use a toilet, but they have done that outdoors throughout their life, and this change will have an impact on their life. Programs should focus on education which would show those people that their way of doing things isn’t healthy and that they should accept this change.

Health and hygiene

Programs should teach people that health depends on the hygiene and that these two are closely connected. Construction of the proper toilets is one of the steps that should be taken, teaching people about the importance of the hygiene and proper waste disposal is another step. All of this should prevent diseases whose source is the direct and indirect contact with the human waste. It will also impede the contamination of the drinking water, which is a huge issue in Africa (especially in growing towns).

The education should start in schools, but it shouldn’t end there, it should happen on a community level as well. The sanitation will improve in Africa only when people realize that change is necessary for the safety of their children and the rest of their family.

Water Issues in Africa

Concerning water issues in Africa

The water issue in Africa is nothing new; the continent has problems with drinkable water for a very long time. The biggest problem is the lack of progress on this issue. Just look at the WHO reports from various points in past and you will notice a slight change in the percentage of people who have access to clean water. This problem doesn’t end here due to lack of resources to maintain the purity of the present water. This is one big problem that keeps African people on the verge of death due to sickness and other medical conditions due to contaminated water.

The protection of water sources is the primary concern

The amount of clean and drinkable water sources is small, and they should be protected. The reality is that people either don’t know how to prevent the contamination or they don’t have enough resources for that prevention.

Investments that go into this issue help people to dig wells and to build sanitation facilities, but that is where the support ends. The lack of knowledge and resources prevents people from maintaining those facilities and preventing water from getting contaminated. Another issue is the mindset of the people who live in those settlements (small and medium towns). They are satisfied as long as the well provides, the quality of the water from the well isn’t relevant.

Groundwater is the best source of the drinkable and clear liquid in the Africa, and its contamination caused many deaths up to now. The bacteria can’t contaminate it and the only natural way of contamination of the groundwater is heavy metal, but one test can rule that out. The greatest contaminators of the groundwater are the people, or to be more precise sewer systems that aren’t built properly.

Contaminated water is a synonym for death

Africans drink water filled with contaminants without realizing it. Some don’t believe in the connection between various medical conditions and contaminated water and therefore they drink it as well. Raising the awareness is something that should become the focus of the organizations that offer help in Africa. The people should realize the importance of the clean water and the maintenance of the same. People have to understand that contamination causes death, among many other issues, and that they should protect their water sources from contamination. Only then the water issue in Africa will improve.

Acid Mine Water Poses Serious Threat in Africa

Acid Mine Water

Companies owning big factories have a lot to answer for when it comes to pollution. They pollute the atmosphere, rivers and oceans; causes oil spillage in the sea killing millions of creatures and their habitat, and poses many other environmental threats.

In Africa, one such problem brought by mining companies is acid mine water or acid mine drainage (AMD).

Coca-Cola’s $35 Million Dollar Pledge and RAIN’s Flawed Strategy

coca cola pledge

Africa is slowly rising on its feet through the continued effort of different organizations around the globe. The recent conclusion of the 7th World Water Forum conducted in South Korea has further strengthened the Millennium Development goal that was established back in 2000 following the Millennium Summit of the United Nation.

Africa’s Water Struggle: Small People, Big Help

It is still an ongoing battle for Africa and the philanthropists involved with the country’s struggle in providing clean and accessible water for the masses. Water has always been an issue in Africa. In first world or developing countries, a simple twist of a faucet will provide clean water. In Africa, people fall in line to get their water supply replenish from water pumps. And they do this almost, if not, every day.

Making a Difference

While there are a lot of large organizations and powerful individuals that has made it their mission to give a helping hand to the people of Africa, there are also the little guys who also make a big difference.

Last month, civil and environmental engineering students, both graduate and undergraduate, had traveled to Kenya and Uganda as a class trip. During their visit they have applied what they’ve learned to provide aid with regards to water and sanitation.

Their stay helped them identify the needs and struggles of the community, and providing what help they can offer. They’ve visited clinics, as well as tested the sanitation of water in wells and other large sources of water.

Led by environmental and civil engineering professor Benito Marinas, he felt that having the students experience Africa’s water and sanitation problems firsthand may developed their skills that cannot be taught in the classroom. Also, having the opportunity to interact with the community is also vital for future recommendations and finding faster solutions as the people can provide other information about their current water and sanitation issues.

And the professor was right, as voiced by Gabrielle Levato, an Engineering senior. The senior stated that she really got to apply the knowledge she learned in class. “Being able to visit the homes of the people we are designing for is extremely beneficial to our future design and what we recommend in the end,” she added.

One of the places that had been visited by these students was Oruchinga. Throughout their stay they’ve discovered that the refugees in this area were using collapsed latrines due to the low quality of soil. They’ve also gone to the Nakuru Deflouridation Company and took water samples from Lake Baringo to be analyze.

The Long Term Effect

Professor Marinas’ field trip is a valuable aid for Africa’s communities and the students alike. As these students graduate and eventually join other engineers in their respective field, they’ll have more experienced with regards to helping a communities – third or first world countries alike – overcome difficulty in water and sanitation dilemmas.

This trip is also vital in encouraging the philanthropic side of the students, nurturing their love for the country and the African people, and hopefully continues on what they’ve started.

Marinas stated that the students still continues to cooperate with the Uganda Rural Community Support Foundation, as well as the Safe Global Water Institute.

Solving Africa’s Water and Sanitation Issues

sanitation issues

One of the major issues that Africa face and is currently battling is the lack of clean water supply and sanitation. This huge disadvantage has made thousands upon thousands of African lives much more arduous.

In the current state of affairs, the African Union has officially launch the Kigali Action Plan – a 50 million euro agreement that will aid millions of Africans in accessing clean water and better sanitation.

This plan involves ten countries: Madagascar, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Lesotho, Mauritania, Burundi, Chad, and Central African Republic.

The objective of the program, which is spearheaded by President Paul Kagame of Rwanda, and was agreed with the African Development Bank, is to make a huge impact on the clean water supply and sanitation on the country.
It’s been noted that Rwanda has made a lot of progress in the last 23 years. According to WHO and UNICEF data, the central and east African state has been improving since 1990 where records show that only 30% of its population has access to basic toilets and 60% to sanitary water. In year 2013, the number has increase to 60% on basic toilets and 71% to clean water.

Other Aid

But it’s not just organizations that have been busy helping Africa with this particular issue. Bill gates, a known philanthropist who has given a lot of aid for the country, also has some new innovation that will further help with Africa’s water and sanitation problems.

He and his foundation wanted a new way of approaching this issue, and so turned to aerospace engineers at Janicki Industries located in Sedro Woolley.

The result is the Omniprocessor, a machine develop to turn human waste into electricity and clean water. This machine takes about five minutes to turn feces into clean, drinking water.

After testing the machine in sewer sludge, and Bill Gates himself drinking the product freshly poured out the machine, the Omniprocessor is heading to West Africa.

The CEO of Janicki Bioenergy, Perter Janicki said that the water produce by the machine is completely safe and promises it would not fall to its other predecessors that had been an encouraging solution to sanitation but has failed as time passed.

Ebola versus Sanitation

These huge developments that are being implemented in Africa are crucial in making the country safer to live in. The Ebola virus which has ravaged the African people leaving 7 out of 10 – or more – people dead when infected is one of the primary problems that clean water can help eradicate.

Clean water is essential in decontaminating sterile areas where the virus’ victims are being treated, as well as health workers that come in contact with those infected. Also, chemical solutions needs clean water to be mix into in order to disinfect equipment being used.

So it goes without saying that the effort being implemented in giving Africa better sanitation and clean, accessible water is vital in the country’s progress; progress that have been hampered by various problems it’s currently facing.