Solving Africa’s Water and Sanitation Issues

sanitation issues

One of the major issues that Africa face and is currently battling is the lack of clean water supply and sanitation. This huge disadvantage has made thousands upon thousands of African lives much more arduous.

In the current state of affairs, the African Union has officially launch the Kigali Action Plan – a 50 million euro agreement that will aid millions of Africans in accessing clean water and better sanitation.

This plan involves ten countries: Madagascar, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Lesotho, Mauritania, Burundi, Chad, and Central African Republic.

The objective of the program, which is spearheaded by President Paul Kagame of Rwanda, and was agreed with the African Development Bank, is to make a huge impact on the clean water supply and sanitation on the country.
It’s been noted that Rwanda has made a lot of progress in the last 23 years. According to WHO and UNICEF data, the central and east African state has been improving since 1990 where records show that only 30% of its population has access to basic toilets and 60% to sanitary water. In year 2013, the number has increase to 60% on basic toilets and 71% to clean water.

Other Aid

But it’s not just organizations that have been busy helping Africa with this particular issue. Bill gates, a known philanthropist who has given a lot of aid for the country, also has some new innovation that will further help with Africa’s water and sanitation problems.

He and his foundation wanted a new way of approaching this issue, and so turned to aerospace engineers at Janicki Industries located in Sedro Woolley.

The result is the Omniprocessor, a machine develop to turn human waste into electricity and clean water. This machine takes about five minutes to turn feces into clean, drinking water.

After testing the machine in sewer sludge, and Bill Gates himself drinking the product freshly poured out the machine, the Omniprocessor is heading to West Africa.

The CEO of Janicki Bioenergy, Perter Janicki said that the water produce by the machine is completely safe and promises it would not fall to its other predecessors that had been an encouraging solution to sanitation but has failed as time passed.

Ebola versus Sanitation

These huge developments that are being implemented in Africa are crucial in making the country safer to live in. The Ebola virus which has ravaged the African people leaving 7 out of 10 – or more – people dead when infected is one of the primary problems that clean water can help eradicate.

Clean water is essential in decontaminating sterile areas where the virus’ victims are being treated, as well as health workers that come in contact with those infected. Also, chemical solutions needs clean water to be mix into in order to disinfect equipment being used.

So it goes without saying that the effort being implemented in giving Africa better sanitation and clean, accessible water is vital in the country’s progress; progress that have been hampered by various problems it’s currently facing.

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